Seed System in Transition: Trends and Challenges

Steven Haggblade, Boubacar Diallo, Melinda Smale, Lamissa Diakité and BinoTémé. 2016. Seed System in Transition: Trends and Challenges, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Brief 15 - EN. East Lansing: Michigan State University


  • Mali’s previously state-run seed system has begun to liberalize, transitioning to a more open system allowing private sector research, seed production and sales.
  • Private sector seed suppliers have responded in a limited way, only where they see profitable niches (high value seeds with recurring annual high volumes of seed purchases) such as horticultural crops and highly commercialized cereals such as rice and maize
  • Elsewhere in the seed system, limited incentives exist for private investment (these include low value, self-pollinating and vegetatively propagated crops). These orphan crops will require new models of seed delivery such as collective, public or semi-public models of research, seed production and delivery.

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