Rural Livelihoods in Mon State: Evidence from a Representative Household Survey

Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Myat Thida Win, Aye Mya Thinzar, Zaw Min Naing, Mi Win Thida, Ni Lei, Lu Min, Naw Eh Mwee, Zaw Oo, Mateusz Filipski, Ulrike Nischan, Joanna Van
Asselt, Brian Holtemeyer, Emily Schmidt, Mekamu Kedir, Adam Kennedy, Xiaobo Zhang, Paul Dorosh, Ellen Payongayong, Ben Belton, and Duncan Boughton. 2016. Rural Livelihoods in Mon State: Evidence from a Representative Household Survey. Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Paper 20. East Lansing: Michigan State University

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The purpose of this report is to provide information and analysis to government, civil society, and donors interested in improving the well-being of the rural population of Mon State. Specifically, the report analyzes the different sources of income for rural households, as well as their socioeconomic characteristics, with a view to identifying potential pathways to improving incomes, especially for poor households, and stimulating inclusive rural growth. The overall picture that emerges is one of an economy heavily dependent on services for local employment and on international migration for income. Like a two-legged stool, such an economy is potentially unstable in the face of external shocks. Diversification of the Mon State economy, including diversification and increased productivity within the agricultural sector, will lessen the relative dependence on external migration remittances and result in more resilient growth in the future.

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