Aquaculture Value Chain in Burma

01/05/2017
By Ben Belton, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Ulrike Nischan, Thomas Reardon, Duncan Boughton

The indigenous carp, rohu, constitutes roughly 70% of all farmed fish (photo Benjamin Belton).

In Myanmar, fish is the leading purveyor of animal protein and the lead provider of micronutrients, important especially for child development. Nearly as much is spent on fish (14% of food expenditure) as on rice (19% of food expenditure). Fish-farming accounts for about 20% of domestic fish consumption, and it generates a lot of employment –about twice as much per acre as paddy farming.

Fish farming (aquaculture) is important to Myanmar’s food security and is developing and transforming quickly. This FSP brief presents findings from a new field survey of the farmed fish value chain that is more detailed and broader than any previous study conducted in Myanmar. Many of our findings are at odds with what we perceive as conventional wisdom about fish farming in Myanmar. The findings have important policy implications to unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions.

SOURCE:
Ben Belton, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Ulrike Nischan, Thomas Reardon, and Duncan Boughton. 2015. A Quiet Revolution Emerging in the Fish-farming Value Chain in Myanmar: Implication for National Food Security, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Brief 9. East Lansing: Michigan State University

RELATED REPORTS:
Ben Belton, Mateusz Filipski and Chaoran Hu. May 2017. Aquaculture in Myanmar: Fish Farm Technology, Production Economics and Management. Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Brief 37. East Lansing: Michigan State University.

Ben Belton, Mateusz Filipski and Chaoran Hu. May 2017. Aquaculture in Myanmar: Fish Farm Technology, Production Economics and Management. Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Paper 52. East Lansing: Michigan State University.

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